INSPECTION CAR near Viso, on the Peruvian Central Railway. The notice “Pito” means “Whistle”. The Peruvian Central Railway, which is built to the standard gauge of 4 ft 8½-
ELECTRIC TRAIN ON THE CHILIAN TRANSANDINE RAILWAY, near the 42nd kilometre post, 26 miles from the terminus. Argentine and Chile are connected by the Transandine Railway, which rises in the summit tunnel to a height of 10,512 feet above sea level. The Chilean section was electrified in 1927. Power for the line is obtained from the mountain rivers. The gauge of the line is one metre
(3 ft 3⅜-
A TRAIN ON THE OLD VISCAS BRIDGE, near the 175th kilometre post (109 miles from the coast), on the Peruvian Central Railway. This bridge, built in 1892, had a span of 178 feet. When Meiggs died in 1877, the track had been carried to a height of 12,250 feet above sea level, and had reached Chicla, 87 miles from the coast. In 1888 the Peruvian Corporation bought the unfinished railway, and appointed another Philadelphian, William Thorndyke, to complete it, to Oroya.
NEAR CARACOLES, between the 67th and 68th kilometre posts (42 miles from the coast), on the Chilian Transandine Railway. On the Chilean side, a railway already ran from Valparaiso on the Pacific Coast, to Los Andes. This railhead was 8,000 feet below the level which the Transandine Railway would have to obtain before piercing the watershed. The Chileans adopted the V-
OPENING OF THE OLD BRIDGE ACROSS THE VERRUGAS CANYON, about 53 miles from the coastal terminus of the Peruvian Central Railway. The bridge, which was built by Henry T. Meiggs, was 575 feet long, and the road bed was 252 feet above the bottom of the chasm. The superstructure was supported in the middle by a huge masonry pier 50 feet square at the base.
PUENTE DEL INCA, or the Inca’s Bridge, a natural bridge at the beginning of the dreaded Cumbre Pass between Argentina and Chile. The Inca's bridge is situated nearly 8,000 feet above sea level. For several years through passengers had to leave the railhead here, and transfer to the mule cavalcade over the pass. The engineers, having realized that it was impossible to carry the railway over the pass, built a tunnel two miles long beneath it. On November 27, 1909, the engineers from the Argentine and Chilean sides joined hands in the middle of the mountain.